July 22: 2Sa 7 | Jeremiah 12 | Matthew 23

Reading 1 - 2Sa 7:16

The LORD God's promise to David:

"Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me [according to some Hebrew manuscripts and the Septuagint; but most Hebrew manuscripts have 'you'!]; your throne will be established forever" (2Sa 7:16).

In this covenant is revealed the selection of David's house as the family through whom the Messiah was to come. Note the development of the covenant:

  • Adamic covenant: Gen 3:15.

  • Abrahamic covenant: Gen 13:14-18. Immortal seed of Abraham will inherit the land of Palestine.

  • Jacob's prophecy: Gen 49:8-10. Selection of the tribe of Judah as the royal tribe.

  • Davidic covenant: 2 Sa 7:12-16. Selection of the family of David as ancestors of the Messiah.

  • Gabriel's visit to Mary: Luke 1:26-35. Selection of the virgin to bear the Son of God.

David's kingdom, of Israel, is also called also the Kingdom of God, and the kingdom of the Lord: 2Ch 13:8; 1Ch 28:5.

The key points of the promise to David are:

  1. David's throne will be eternal (Psa 89:34-36; Isa 9:6,7; 55:1-3).

  2. It will be established through a natural descendant of David (v 12; Ps 132:11; Jer 33:17-21; Isa 11:1-5; Acts 2:30,31; 13:22,23; Luk 1:30-34)...

  3. ...Who would also be the Son of God (v 14; Psa 89:26,27; Heb 1:5; Luke 1:32).

  4. After David had died (vv 12,19; Act 2:29)...

  5. ...But in his presence (AV has "before you", instead of "before me"): Isa 24:23; Act 15:16; Jer 30:9-11; 2Sa 23:5; Isa 9:6,7; Luk 1:32,33.

Reading 2 - Jer 12:1-5

Jeremiah complains to God:

"You are always righteous, O LORD, when I bring a case before you. Yet I would speak with you about your justice: Why does the way of the wicked prosper? Why do all the faithless live at ease? You have planted them, and they have taken root; they grow and bear fruit. You are always on their lips but far from their hearts" (Jer 12:1,2).

"It was Job's problem over again, in almost as acute a form, for, like Job, Jeremiah could urge his own blamelessness..." (HA Whittaker, "Jeremiah" 49).

"Yet you know me, O LORD; you see me and test my thoughts about you" (v 3).


Beginning in v 5, God answers Jeremiah. "Nevertheless in the LORD's response there was but cold comfort at present for this solitary sensitive witness for truth..." (Ibid).

"If you have raced with men on foot and they have worn you out, how can you compete with horses? If you stumble in safe country, how will you manage in the thickets by the Jordan?" (v 5).

" 'Your experiences hitherto are but mild compared with what is to come; this is but an apprenticeship to fit you greater rigour and higher endeavour'... Poor Jeremiah! Is there no crumb of comfort for your soul? Hold fast to your confidence in the righteous judgments of Jehovah, and stay yourself on His promise of a day when 'a King shall reign in righteousness'; there is naught else in this bitter evil present" (Ibid 50).