Today's Readings: 1 Chronicles 4 | Ezekiel 17 | Luke 14



Other comments on this day's readings can be found here.



Reading 1 - 1Chronicles 4:9,10

"Jabez was more honorable than his brothers. His mother had named him Jabez, [Jabez sounds like the Hebrew for pain] saying, 'I gave birth to him in pain' " (1Ch 4:9).

"It seems very likely that the two unexpected verses about Jabez, cropping up in the middle of the Chronicles genealogies (1Ch 4:9,10), refer to Othniel. For the genealogy there is that of Judah, Othniel's tribe, and Jabez calls on 'the God of Israel' precisely as Caleb also does (Josh 14:14), a thing to be expected since they were both of Gentile origin, being Kenizzites (v 13 here). The phrase: 'more honourable than his brethren', may allude to the fact that other members of the family did not share his union with Israel; or it commemorates his fine work as saviour and judge of Israel (Jdg 3:8-11). His request: 'Oh that thou wouldest... enlarge my border' is matched in Judges by Othniel's tactful incitement of his wife to ask for springs of water as an addition to her dowry -- what Jabez very appropriately calls 'a blessing' (1Ch 4:10; Jdg 1:15). And 'God granted him that which he requested.' Evidently whilst Achsah was asking her father, Othniel was asking his Father" (Harry Whittaker, "Judges and Ruth").


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"Jabez cried out to the God of Israel, 'Oh, that you would bless me and enlarge my territory! Let your hand be with me, and keep me from harm so that I will be free from pain.' And God granted his request" (1Ch 4:10).


The NIV translates: "enlarge my territory" (instead of "coast", as in KJV), rightly, I think. This is, in a microcosm -- so to speak, a reference to the promises to Abraham: "all the land you see, to you I will give, and to your seed" (Gen 13), from the great river Euphrates all the way to Egypt (Gen 15), etc! The prayer is, in effect: "God, may I receive the promises made to my father Abraham!"


In that sense, there is a prayer for material prosperity (a token of which Jabez might receive in this life), but particularly wrapped up in God's promise of eternal life, through the resurrection of the dead, and the fulfillment of His great and precious promises. This probably has little to do with a new car, or a new TV/VCR/stereo combination!


In the sense of the Abrahamic promises, notice how in Gen 13, Abraham is promised all the land, "north, south, east and west"... AND a great multiplying of his seed! Notice how this is echoed in the NT, when Jesus says: "There will be weeping there, and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but you yourselves thrown out. People will come from east and west and north and south, and will take their places at the feast in the kingdom of God" (Luk 13:28,29). This is an interesting twist. In Genesis we hear God telling Abraham that he was "enlarge his territories" in all directions, as far as he can see (did he see the whole earth, in vision?). But in the gospels, Jesus seems to "interpret" this promise (that is, the east, west, north, south allusion) to mean -- not only 'your borders will be extended IN all directions', but especially 'people (Gentiles!) will come to you (and God's kingdom) FROM all directions'!


And so there are two different (but very much related) ways by which the promises to Abraham will be fulfilled: (1) the expansion of Abraham's "territories" outward, and/or (2) the people of those territories coming inward, to Abraham and his God! Either way, the same result is achieved!


Reading 2 - Ezekiel 17

"The great parable of the two eagles and the vine describe the situation in Zedekiah's last days. The great eagle is representative of Nebuchadnezzar's Babylon; the other eagle speaks of the southern power of Egypt. Both were important in the final history of the kingdom of Judah. The vine represented Judah, the tender planting of Yahweh, which had become affected by the disease of humanity, and sought for support from its companion nations, ignoring the strength and power of Yahweh's protection. Eze 17 presents 'The Allegory of Zedekiah, the Covenant Breaker,' and outlines:


  1. Zedekiah's power set up by the Babylonian Eagle: vv 1-6.

  2. The king turns to Egypt for help: vv 7-10.

  3. Zedekiah's treachery proves fatal: vv 11-21.